Hip

The Hip

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint. The hip is a sturdy joint surrounded by the strong muscles of the thighs and buttocks. Though not as common as in other areas of the body, injuries can occur, usually from wear and tear and overuse injuries. Life-threatening fractures of the hip joint can also occur in the elderly due to bone weakness from osteoporosis.

Your hip and pelvis area must handle constant and demanding workloads. This is true not only when you are playing sports, but also while doing daily tasks. When you get injured, healing can be a long and challenging process.

Hip and pelvis injuries can result from a fall, direct blow, twist, or excessive muscle contraction. Injuries include dislocations, broken bones, and bruised or strained muscles.

As you age, arthritis and wear and tear on your hip becomes more of a problem resulting in pain, muscle weakness, and limited movement which can greatly impact your lifestyle.

Frequently Treated Hip and Knee Problems and Conditions:

Arthritis
Arthritis is among the most frequent causes of hip pain, and there are many treatments available. If conservative treatments fail, hip replacement surgery is an option.

Trochanteric Bursitis
Trochanteric bursitis is an extremely common problem that causes inflammation of the bursa over the outside of the hip joint.

Tendonitis
Tendonitis can occur in any of the tendons that surround the hip joint. The most frequently encountered tendonitis around the hip is iliotibial band (IT band) tendonitis.

Osteonecrosis
Osteonecrosis is a condition that occurs when blood flow to an area of bone is restricted. If an inadequate amount of blood flow reaches the bone, the cells will die and the bone may collapse. One of the most common places for osteonecrosis to occur is in the hip joint.

Lumbar Pain
Many back and spine problems can cause symptoms around the buttocks and hip. The most common problems that refer pain to the hip region are herniated discs and sciatica.

Snapping Hip Syndrome
Snapping hip syndrome is a word used to describe three distinct hip problems. The first is when the IT band snaps over the outside of the thigh. The second occurs when the deep hip flexor snaps over the front of the hip joint. Finally, tears of the cartilage, or labrum, around the hip socket can cause a snapping sensation.

Muscle Strains
Strains of the muscles around the hip and pelvis can cause pain and spasm. The most common strains are groin pulls and hamstring strains.

Hip Fracture
Hip fractures are most common in elderly patients with osteoporosis. Treatment of broken hips requires surgery to either replace the broken portion or repair it with a metal plate and screws.

Stress Fracture
Stress fractures of the hip are most common in athletes who participate in high-impact sports, such as long distance runners.

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